GynaeMD Women’s & Rejuvenation Clinic

In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

What Is IVF?

In-Vitro Fertilisation, widely known as IVF, is the technique in which the egg and sperm are fertilised together outside the woman’s womb in a laboratory. It can be divided into 4 different stages.

ivf procedure at gynaeinfertility

What Are The Four Stages of IVF?

Ovarian Stimulation

Daily fertility hormonal injections are administered to the female partner for a 10 to 12-day period on average. This is to increase the number of eggs to mature in the ovary. Ultrasound scans and blood tests are done every few days to assess the growth and quantity of the eggs. The dose of the hormonal injections may be adjusted to ensure optimal growth of the eggs.

Egg Collection

Using a special needle attached to an ultrasound probe, our gynaecologist will collect eggs from the ovaries trans-vaginally. The female patient will be sedated during the procedure to minimise any discomfort.


At the time of the egg collection, the male patient is required to produce fresh semen. To ensure sperm quality, he is advised to abstain from sexual intercourse 3 days before the procedure. The healthiest sperms are selected and carefully prepared for fertilisation of the eggs. Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is used to increase the number of fertilised embryos available for embryo transfer and involves injecting a single sperm into each egg via a microneedle.

Embryo Transfer

The embryos will be closely monitored by an embryologist for the next few days, before selecting the most suitable ones for embryo transfer. A maximum of 2 embryos can be transferred into the uterus using a fine catheter. Any extra good quality embryos will be frozen and stored for future use. The female patient will be given daily hormonal support to improve the chances of embryo implantation and ultimately pregnancy. A pregnancy test is then performed 14 to 17 days after the embryo transfer.

Is It Suitable for You?

IVF procedure is the only available fertility treatment for women with irreparably-damaged or blocked fallopian tubes. It is also recommended for couples with conditions like endometriosis, ovulatory dysfunction, unexplained infertility, failed SOIUI and sperm disorders.

The entire process of our IVF procedure is significantly more complex and requires more monitoring, as such couples are required to undergo a detailed consultation with our gynaecologist before treatment can commence. This will provide them with a more thorough understanding about what to expect, and helps to reduce patient anxiety when they realise that modern IVF treatments are now relatively stress free.

Our IVF doctor will be delighted to answer any of your questions regarding the entire IVF process during your consultation.

The couple will need to undergo blood tests and health screenings for infectious diseases, semen analysis and ovarian reserve determination.

Success Rates

At our fertility clinic, the success rates for IVF-ICSI treatments vary according to various infertility factors such as the patients’ age (females in particular), the quality of eggs and sperms, the duration of infertility and the general state of health of the couple. Generally, a higher success rate is expected for women below the age of 35.